HIUS 221 Mindtap Activities 8 Liberty University Solution

12.1 Picturing History

Use the dropdown menus to complete the paragraph.

“Union and Confederate Resources” shows that the total population and total number of miles of railroad track in the Union were selector 1

·more than twice

·triple

· equal to

that of the total population and total number of miles of railroad track in the Confederacy. One critical component of the population advantage was that the Union possessed some selector 2

·850,000

·20.7 million

·2.1 million

troops. Slaveholding border states such as Maryland, Missouri, and selector 3

·Kentucky

·West Virginia

·Kansas

sided with the Union. These border states were strategic resources along important railroad routes west. Many Northerners believed they would attain a quick victory over the Confederate forces because of the sheer numeric advantages the Union possessed.

Early victories for the Confederate army in the Civil War did not reflect the imbalance between the troop strength of the Union and the Confederate forces. The Union had 2.1 million troops in total, including in uniform. The ratio of total population to the number of soldiers was, but the North had a much larger total population.

12.2 The Battlefront, 1861-1862

Which geographic region served as the capital of the Confederate States of America?

Washington D.C.

Richmond, Virginia

Fort Sumter, South Carolina

Imagine that you are General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union forces stationed near Washington, D.C., in 1861. You are briefing President Lincoln and his cabinet about your plans for a military campaign at Bull Run, which will become one of the first major battles of the Civil War.

Based on the narrated map, select the correct response from each dropdown to complete the dialogue.

PRESIDENT LINCOLN: General, as you know, our primary goal at this early stage of the war is to capture. I hear that you have a plan to help us accomplish this.

MCDOWELL: The Confederates are trying to defend a critical rail junction at. I’m planning an offensive campaign to capture this junction, drive them deeper into Virginia, and send them away from Washington.

PRESIDENT LINCOLN: Presumably, this area will be well defended. Do you think we are strong enough to mount an offensive?

MCDOWELL: We are in a good position. We have roughly more troops in the area than they do.

General Winfield Scott presented the Anaconda Plan to President Lincoln in the spring of 1861. Scott’s proposed strategy marked the first Union attempt to suppress the rebellion of the Confederate states.

Based on the narrated map, which of the following statements accurately describes the Union’s Anaconda Plan? Check all that apply.

By the end of 1861, the Union had completed its blockade of the southern coastline.

President Davis authorized Confederate sailors to capture Union ships.

It was a battle plan designed to start inland and drive the Confederate army to the coast, where Union ships were waiting.

The Confederacy initially enjoyed a strong naval advantage but lost most of its ships during the first year of fighting.

It was a naval maneuver designed to hurt the South economically by restricting access to its ports.